Prostate Cancer Stage

Has the Cancer
Spread Beyond the Prostate

Prostate Cancer Stage is the rating system consisting of four stages used to describe the spread of cancer. The different stages of cancer describe cancer confined within the prostate, growth that extends to tissue outside the prostate, to local organs or metastasized to distant parts of the body. Several different tests can be used either alone or in combination to determine the extent of spread of the cancer. Not all of these tests are needed in all men. Staging tests include the DRE, PSA Blood Test, Ultrasound, Biopsy, Bone Scan, Cat Scan, MRI and PET Scan.

Prostate Cancer Stage is the rating system consisting of four stages used to describe the spread of cancer. The different stages of cancer describe cancer confined within the prostate, growth that extends to tissue outside the prostate, to local organs or metastasized to distant parts of the body. Several different tests can be used either alone or in combination to determine the extent of spread of the cancer. Not all of these tests are needed in all men. Staging tests include the DRE, PSA Blood Test, Ultrasound, Biopsy, Bone Scan, Cat Scan, MRI and PET Scan.

What is your Prostate Cancer Stage?

Your prostate cancer stage is set after testing. Stage describes if the tumor was detected or felt during the digital rectal exam. The prostate cancer stage also indicates whether or not the cancer may have spread to lymph nodes or other organs. Clinical stage is based on all information available prior to any treatment and designated by the TNM system as shown below.

Prostate Cancer Stage Rating System

T1 – Cancer present, but not detectable in DRE or on imaging.

T1a – Found incidentally, Less than 5 percent of sample malignant and low-grade.

T1b – Found incidentally, More than 5 percent of sample malignant and/or not low-grade.

T1c – PSA elevated, not palpable, found in needle biopsy.

T2 – Tumor is palpable in DRE; organ confined.

T2a – Confined to half or less than half in one of the prostate’s two lobes.

T2b – Confined to more than one half of one lobe of gland but not both.

T2c – The tumor is in both lobes but within the prostatic capsule.

T3 – Locally extensive cancer.

T3a – Penetration of prostate capsule on one or both sides.

T3b – Invasion into the seminal vesicle.

T4 – Tumor extension to other organs.

T4a – Cancer that has invaded the bladder neck and/or rectum and/or external urinary sphincter.

T4b – Cancer that involves other areas near the prostate.

N – Lymph node involvement.

NO – No cancer detected in the lymph nodes.

N1 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring less than 2cm.

N2 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring 2-5cm.

N3 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring more than 5cm.

M – Metastasis to distant sites other than lymph nodes (cancer spread).

MO – Cancer that is confined to the prostate, surrounding tissues and pelvic lymph nodes.

M1 – Cancer that has spread beyond the pelvic area to bones, lungs, etc.

Advice for Men Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer

Edward Weber, M.D. offers advice For Patients of Prostate Cancer. It is important to be informed, but you do not need to do this alone. That is what the specialists are there for. This is the time for deliberation, since once treated you cannot reverse the course. Watch this video to learn more.

  UNDERSTAND PROSTATE CANCER.

Prostate Cancer

What is Prostate Cancer?

What is Prostate Cancer, the Symptoms, Risk Factors? What does the Prostate do, where is it located?

Prostate Cancer Tests and Diagnostics

Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer?

What tests confirm the presence of prostate cancer? Learn how doctors diagnose prostate cancer.

Prostate Cancer Treatments

Treating Prostate Cancer.

Patients have options when it comes to the prostate cancer treatments. Learn about your options.

Explore Common Prostate Cancer Terms

To Learn More, Click on Any of the Terms Below

Help other men make better treatment decisions.

A $25 donation today helps us continue the groundbreaking working of the Prostate Cancer Treatment Study Group.


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